There are usually 2 if not 3 questions on both Level 1 and Level 2 Numeracy papers; this is then a crucial skill.
1. Understand that ratios can be simplified in the same way as fractions.
2. Use ratios directly to find 'parts' in a drink, a mix of cement etc.
3. Use 'recipes' or 'menus' to convert amounts given for 4 people to 6, 8, etc.
4. To understand that the scale on a map is a ratio - to convert from the map to real life and backwards.
1. A worksheet showing how to cancel fractions will be given.
2. Ratio is given
A boy mixes a drink one part of squash to three parts of water. How much squash will he need for 2 litres of the drink?
a. Draw a bottle - label the two different components
1 part of squash
3 parts of water
4 parts altogether
b. Find out what each part is worth
Divide 2 litres by 4
Change 2 litres into 2000 millilitres
c. The answer is 1 part is worth 2000/4 = 500ml
d. Draw in your diagram squash =500ml (1 part), water =1500ml (3 parts)
The Skillwise worksheets help.
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3. A menu is given
e.g. 200g of sugar is used in a recipe for 12 cakes. How much sugar will be needed for 60 cakes?
a. The ratio is 12:60 or 1:5 so multiply by 5
b. 5x200g = 100g
c. Convert to kg, so the answer is 1kg
4. A Scale on a map is given
e.g. A map has a ratio of 1cm = 5m. How will 12.5m be displayed on the map?
a. The ratio is 1:5 so divide by 5 (converting back)
b. 12.5/5 = 2.5
c. Write in the correct units 2.5cm
The OS has a good site